Declared a protected area in 1992, "Gabbara" is the wooded area that "Italia Nostra" and WWF report as protected areas because they have vast and extensive areas of eucalyptus and free of undergrowth and in areas with predominantly oaks and oak woods, with undergrowth richer.
It signals a landscaped path of considerable interest from the entrance of the forest of Gabbara, already crossing the threshold of the gate and immediately you can identify the first meters of the route from "Gabbara" which leads in the "Mustigarufi". Along a short path to the right, you will come to a small hut with a front area, enriched by modern sculptures in stone, depicting animal specimens. In summer every year there are major events in the month of August, in this area Campfest Gabbara takes place, a long weekend of live music music that marks the end of summer.
Today's artificial woodland "Gabbara", was planted between the 50s and the 60s, an area that in the past has been characterized by the presence of sulfur mines and rock salt, which with the extraction of minerals,it was once the main source of income of the economy of the place. The mine of Gabbara was in fact active until the sixties. Following the main dirt road, today, the inclined entrance to the salt mines are closed with a wooden gate that prevents access.
From wooded Gabbara continues a path that from the point of view of nature presents interesting aspects, including extensions of dense trees and large areas of plains and hills that offer a wider view, until you see the hills all around the woods and near San Cataldo, in this area just a few kilometers north-west of San Cataldo, you may notice the singular fluvial-salty environment influenced by evaporations that outcrop abundantly in this area (solfiferi limestone, gypsum, rock salt) and particularly important is the area of the river ascended, characterized in summer by salty concretions.